One Nation, One Ration Card: Bridging the Divide in Food Security


In a landmark stride towards ensuring food security and equitable distribution of essential commodities, the Indian government’s implementation of the One Nation One Ration Card (ONORC) scheme under the National Food Security Act (NFSA) is fostering seamless access to subsidized food grains for all eligible ration card holders across the country. This visionary scheme not only bolsters food security but also extends assistance to migrant populations and their families.

A Unified Approach to Ration Card Portability:

The ONORC scheme was conceived to eliminate geographical restrictions on accessing subsidized food grains. It empowers eligible beneficiaries under NFSA to claim their entitled food grains from any Fair Price Shop (FPS) throughout the nation. This system ensures that individuals are not confined to their native regions, allowing them to procure essential provisions even when residing in a different state.

Migrant-Friendly and Inclusive:

One of the pivotal advantages of ONORC is its immense benefit to migrant workers and their families. Often faced with challenges of mobility and integration, migrant populations find relief in the ability to avail ration entitlements wherever they are in the country. Through biometric authentication using Aadhaar or fingerprints, family members back home can also claim the remaining food grains, further extending the scheme’s reach and impact.

Seamless Implementation and Technological Integration:

The ONORC scheme’s implementation hinges on an IT-driven approach, powered by the installation of Electronic Point of Sale (ePoS) devices at FPSs and the seamless integration of Aadhaar numbers with ration cards. Beneficiaries can simply quote their ration card or Aadhaar number at any FPS, eliminating the need to carry physical cards. With the use of biometric authentication methods such as fingerprints or iris scans, the process is not only secure but also streamlined for a hassle-free experience.

Nationwide Progress:

Since its inception in August 2019 as an inter-State portability initiative, the ONORC scheme has rapidly gained momentum. As of February 2022, 35 states and Union Territories have embraced the scheme, showcasing its widespread acceptance and recognition as a transformative step towards inclusive food security.

A Glimpse of the ONORC Journey:

The list of states that have implemented the ONORC scheme, along with their respective years of adoption, exemplifies the scheme’s growing influence across the nation. The steady expansion of ONORC signifies a commitment to ensuring every citizen’s right to access affordable and nutritious food, regardless of geographical boundaries.


The One Nation One Ration Card scheme stands as a commendable example of how technology, inclusive policies, and determined implementation can bridge gaps and uplift millions. By unifying ration card portability, the government has provided a lifeline for migrant populations, simplified administrative processes, and promoted a sense of unity among states. As the ONORC scheme continues to make strides, it reinforces the nation’s dedication to securing the basic needs and well-being of its citizens, ensuring that no one is left behind in the pursuit of a nourished and prosperous India.

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