List of Important Schemes in India

Important Schemes by Government of India

The Indian government has launched a number of programs to advance the country’s socioeconomic development. Watch as the Indian government rolls out significant programs in 2023.

In an effort to tackle the various social and economic challenges faced by its citizens, the Indian government has implemented several initiatives this year. These measures are anticipated to enhance the overall well-being of the country. In the coming year of 2022, a range of fresh programs will be introduced, while existing schemes that have been discontinued will be revived with extended policy durations.

1. Government Schemes in India: Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (PMAY)

The Government of India has introduced the Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana to provide affordable housing to urban residents by 2022. The program was initially launched on June 25, 2015. Under this scheme, eligible individuals can avail housing loans at interest rates starting from 6.5 percent per annum for a tenure of up to 20 years. The eligibility criteria for the Economically Weaker Sections (EWS) and Low-Income Groups (LIG) have been extended until March 31, 2022.

2. Government Schemes in India: Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojna

Launched on March 26, 2020, this program aims to ensure food security for the underprivileged. As part of the Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana, each ration card holder is provided with 5 kilograms of rice or wheat and 1 kilogram of dal. Initially covering 80 crore ration cards for a duration of 3 months in 2020, the scheme has been extended for an additional four months in 2022.

3. Government Schemes in India: Meri Policy Mere Hath

This program was implemented under the Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana to offer crop insurance to farmers. The policy aims to ensure that agricultural communities are equipped with the necessary information and resources. Through the Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana, farmers who have suffered crop loss or damage are provided with financial assistance through the provision of funding.

4. Government Schemes in India: Rashtriya Uchchatar Shiksha Abhiyan

The Rashtriya Uchchatar Shiksha Abhiyan scheme is designed to provide strategic funding to eligible state higher education institutions with the aim of enhancing efficiency and accessibility in higher education. Through this scheme, financial support is extended to improve the overall quality and infrastructure of these institutions, enabling better educational opportunities for students.

5. Government Schemes in India: Support for marginal individuals for livelihood and enterprise (SMILE)

This program aims to aid marginalized individuals in their recovery by offering medical facilities, counseling services, skill development opportunities, and economic support. It is implemented in collaboration with State and Union Territory administrations, community-based groups, local urban bodies, non-governmental organizations, institutes, and various other stakeholders.

6. Government Schemes in India: Jal Jeevan Yojana

The Jal Jeevan Mission, also known as the Har Ghar Jal Mission, aims to connect four crore rural households to the public water system by 2022. This mission focuses on achieving community participation and utilizing technology for service delivery by 2024. In the 2022 union budget, the Jal Jeevan Mission has been allocated 60,000 crores of rupees to support its implementation.

7. Government Schemes in India: Jalshakti Abhiyan 2022

The Jal Shakti Abhiyan campaign introduced a new program named Catch the Rain, which commenced on March 29, 2022, and will run until November 30, 2022. The primary objective of this program is to enhance water conservation and management practices.

8. Government Schemes in India: Ayushman Bharat Yojana

Launched in 2018, the Ayushman Bharat Yojana, also referred to as the Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana, was implemented with the objective of offering health insurance coverage to vulnerable households who lack access to quality healthcare. Under this scheme, over 10 crore families are provided with health insurance coverage of up to Rs. 5 lakhs per year. The scheme encompasses primary and secondary healthcare services, making it one of the largest healthcare initiatives globally.

9. Government Schemes in India: Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi Yojana

In 2019, the Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi Yojana (PM-KISAN) was introduced to extend income support to farmers. Through this scheme, eligible farmers receive Rs. 6,000 per year, distributed in three equal installments of Rs. 2,000 each, directly credited to their bank accounts. The objective of the scheme is to guarantee a minimum income for farmers and alleviate their financial burdens.

10. Government Schemes in India: Swachh Bharat Abhiyan

Launched in 2014, the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan was implemented to foster cleanliness and sanitation throughout India. The primary goal of this scheme is to eradicate open defecation, promote effective waste management, and enhance overall hygiene. The scheme has achieved notable success in realizing its objectives, leading to significant advancements in India’s sanitation infrastructure.

11. Government Schemes in India: Digital India

In 2015, the Digital India scheme was introduced with the objective of converting India into a digitally empowered society and knowledge economy. The scheme aims to ensure broadband connectivity for all individuals, foster digital literacy, and offer digital services to the entire population. It has achieved success in encouraging the utilization of digital technologies across various sectors and has played a pivotal role in the expansion of the digital economy.

12. Government Schemes in India: Make in India

Introduced in 2014, the Make in India scheme was initiated to bolster manufacturing activities and attract foreign investments to India. Its primary goal is to establish India as a manufacturing hub and stimulate the growth of the manufacturing sector. The scheme has achieved success in attracting foreign investments and generating employment opportunities within the manufacturing sector.

13. Government Schemes in India: Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao

Launched in 2015, the Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao scheme was implemented in response to the concerning decline in the child sex ratio and to encourage the education of girls. Its core objective is to safeguard the well-being, protection, and education of female children. The scheme has achieved success in raising awareness about the significance of educating girls and has resulted in an enhanced child-sex ratio in certain regions of the country.

14. Government Schemes in India: Skill India

The Skill India scheme, initiated in 2015, was designed to equip the youth of India with valuable skill training and enhance their employability. Its primary objective is to offer training across diverse sectors and skills, while fostering entrepreneurship. The scheme has achieved considerable success in providing skill training to a significant number of individuals, thus contributing to the expansion of the country’s skilled workforce.

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